In-Home Pediatric Speech Therapy

Call Today:

(847) 774-0582

Sam’s Blog

Tips for Prodcuing the /f/ Sound by Chicago Speech and More

Chicago Speech and More's tips for producing /f/Tips for Producing /f/


Is your child having trouble making the /f/ sound? If so, here are Chicago Speech and More’s tips for helping teach this sound.  The /f/ sound is actually an *earlier acquired sound with mastery expected around the age of 4 years. Note the *. If your child is having trouble with this sound they are not alone! While it might seem like an “easy” sound, /f/ can actually be quite tricky.

*If your child still has difficulty with /f/ past age 4 it is recommended to seek guidance from a trained and licensed speech-language pathologist. Call Chicago Speech and More at (847) 774-0582*


It doesn’t hurt to practice at home with your little ones. Here are some tips from Chicago Speech and More for helping your child to produce the /f/ sound.

Therapy Hierarchy- Sounds to Conversation


Sound Level                                                                                                                                    

As with most sounds, it’s best to start at the sound level.  Production of /f/ is visual- Yay! Because it is visual it’s easier to teach.  To produce the /f/ sound, rest your front teeth lightly on your lower lip and blow out air.  Work with your child in front of a mirror. Show them how it looks when you make the /f/ sound and have them imitate the action.  To demonstrate airflow, have your child put their hand in front of their mouth when articulating /f/ to feel the air coming through.

Syllable Level                                                                                                                          

Once your child has mastered the ability to produce the /f/ sound move onto the syllable level.  Try adding a vowel to the end or beginning of the sound (“fa, fee, fo, foo”). While most children find it easier to produce syllables when the target sound occurs at the beginning (“fa”), this is not always the case. Some kiddos find it easier to produce the sound at the end of the word (“ef”). Try out both positions to see what works best for your child and work on the one they are most successful with.

Word Level                                                                                                                           

When you child can say syllables move onto the word level.  If it was easier for your child to produce syllables beginning with the target sound, use words beginning with the sound (“fat, fit, foot, feet”).  If your child had more success when the sound occurred in the final position, begin with words ending in /f/ (“ef, beef, loaf” ).  Begin with whichever position your child is more successful with and progress throughout all word positions (initial, medial (bathtub), final). I have found it beneficial to continue using a mirror at this stage.

Phrase/Sentence Level                                                                                                      

Once mastery is achieved at the word level, begin to add these words into phrases and then sentences.  Using carrier phrases such as “The ______” (phrase level) or “I see _____”  or “I want the______” (sentence level) can provide additional opportunities to use the target sound. Try coming up with different carrier phrases. Don’t be afraid to get a little silly with your children.

Paragraph/Short Story Level                                                                                      

Following accurate production at the sentence level, move onto paragraphs. The easiest way to do this is to create a simple story containing the target sound /f/ and have your child retell it back to you. Make sure you use words containing /f/ in all word positions.

Conversation Level                                                                                              

The last step in our hierarchy is to practice the /f/  in conversations.  Although there might be occasional speech sound errors, your child should be producing /f/ correctly most of the time.

Speech Therapy Activities for the /f/ Sound


Let’s face it- kids just want to have fun. Practicing speech sounds is no exception. There are plenty of fun activities to incorporate into your speech therapy.  Here are a few of Chicago Speech and More’s favorites:

  • Picture cards are great and can be used to play memory or go-fish. These games can be used at various levels in our speech therapy hierarchy.  (Word level -child simply labels the card. Phrase level- “the ________”. Sentence Level- “I picked the___________”, “Do you have the ___________”, etc.).
  • If your child is artistic, have them create their own /f/ picture cards.
  • Go through a magazine and cut out different pictures of items that have the /f/ sound in them. Make a collage with the pictures.
  • You can also play games like “I Spy” and find words containing the target sound /f/.

*Click the link below for Chicago Speech and More’s pictures of /f/ in all word positions. (The first link is /f/ in the initial position and the second has /f/ in the medial and final positions). Make 2 copies and cut apart to use in Memory or Go-Fish.

/f/ picture cards (initial word position)

/f/ picture cards (medial and final positions)

The possibilities are endless- just remember to have fun.

For more helpful tips please visit archive posts under Sam’s Blog on Chicago Speech and More’s website.

Categories : Sam's Blog, Tips

Leave a Reply


Like This Article
Online Marketing
Add blog to our directory.
gold badge is gold certified
Health Blogs - Blog Rankings
Active Search
Active Search Results
website security
Chicago, IL - Phone: (847) 774-0582
© Copyright 2012, All Rights Reserved
Powered by WordPress. Designed by WordPress Themes by ProGo